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Repair of infarcted myocardium using mesenchymal stem cell seeded small intestinal submucosa in rabbits

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10002 658 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Repair of infarcted myocardium using mesenchymal stem cell seeded small intestinal submucosa in rabbits
Abstract

Myocardial infarction (MI) remains a common and deadly disease. Using tissue-engineered cardiac grafts to repair infarcted myocrdium is considered to be a therapeutic approach. This study tested the feasibility of using MSCs-seeded SIS to repair chronic myocardial infarction in a rabbit model. MI in rabbits was created by ligation of the left anterior descending artery. BrdU-labeled mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were seeded on the small intestinal submucosa and cultured for 5–7 days prior to implantation. Four weeks after myocardial infarction, cardiac grafts were implanted onto the epicardial surface of infarcted myocardium. Four weeks after implantation of the membranes, a serial of tests including echocardiography, hemodynamics, histology and immunohistochemistry were undertaken to evaluate the effect of the implanted grafts on recovery of the infarcted myocardium. It was shown that left ventricular contractile function and dimension, the capillary density of the infarcted region, and myocardial pathological changes were significantly improved in rabbits implanted either SIS or MSCs-seeded SIS. But the MSCs-seeded SIS was more effective. Immunofluorescence staining demonstrated the migration of Brdu-labeled MSCs from the membrane into the infarcted area and their differentiation to cardiomyocytes and smooth muscle cells. Taken together, these results suggest that MSCs-seeded SIS can be used to repair chronic myocardial infarction, which enhances myocardial regeneration.

Keywords
Myocardial infarction; Mesenchymal stem cells; Small intestinal submucosa; Tissue engineering
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Repair of infarcted myocardium using mesenchymal stem cell seeded small intestinal submucosa in rabbits
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 19, July 2009, Pages 3234–3240
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us