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Poly(lactide)–vitamin E derivative/montmorillonite nanoparticle formulations for the oral delivery of Docetaxel

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10009 658 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
Poly(lactide)–vitamin E derivative/montmorillonite nanoparticle formulations for the oral delivery of Docetaxel
Abstract

Four systems of nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers were developed in this research for oral delivery of anticancer drugs with Docetaxel used as a model drug, which include the poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles (PLGA NPs), the poly(lactide)–vitamin E TPGS nanoparticles (PLA–TPGS NPs), the poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid)–montmorillonite nanoparticles (PLGA/MMT NPs) and the poly(lactide)–vitamin E TPGS/montmorillonite nanoparticles (PLA–TPGS/MMT NPs). Vitamin E TPGS stands for d-α-tocopheryl polyethylene glycol 1000 succinate (TPGS), which is a water-soluble derivative of natural vitamin E formed by esterification of vitamin E succinate with polyethylene glycol (PEG) 1000. The design was made to take advantages of TPGS in nanoparticle technology such as high emulsification effects and high drug encapsulation efficiency, and those in drug formulation such as high cellular adhesion and adsorption. MMT of similar effects is also a detoxifier, which may cure some side effects caused by the formulated drug. The drug-loaded NPs were prepared by a modified solvent extraction/evaporation method and then characterized for their MMT content, size and size distribution, surface charge and morphology, physical status and encapsulation efficiency of the drug in the NPs, and in vitro drug release profile. Cellular uptake of the coumarin 6-loaded NPs was investigated. In vitro cancer cell viability experiment showed that judged by IC50, the PLA–TPGS/MMT NP formulation was found 2.89, 3.98, 2.12-fold more effective and the PLA–TPGS NP formulation could be 1.774, 2.58, 1.58-fold more effective than the Taxotere® after 24, 48, 72 h treatment, respectively. In vivo PK experiment with SD rats showed that oral administration of the PLA–TPGS/MMT NP formulation and the PLA–TPGS NP formulation could achieve 26.4 and 20.6 times longer half-life respectively than i.v. administration of Taxotere® at the same 10 mg/kg dose. One dose oral administration of the NP formulations could realize almost 3 week sustained chemotherapy in comparison of 22 h of i.v. administration of Taxotere®. The oral bioavailability can be enhanced from 3.59% for Taxotere® to 78% for the PLA–TPGS/MMT NP formulation and 91% for the PLA–TPGS NP formulation respectively. Oral chemotherapy by nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers is feasible.

Keywords
Anticancer drugs; Biodegradable polymers; Cancer nanotechnology; Drug delivery device; Oral chemotherapy; Medical clay
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Poly(lactide)–vitamin E derivative/montmorillonite nanoparticle formulations for the oral delivery of Docetaxel
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 19, July 2009, Pages 3297–3306
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us