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In situ elasticity modulation with dynamic substrates to direct cell phenotype

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10017 659 2010 8 PDF Available
Title
In situ elasticity modulation with dynamic substrates to direct cell phenotype
Abstract

Microenvironment elasticity influences critical cell functions such as differentiation, cytoskeletal organization, and process extension. Unfortunately, few materials allow elasticity modulation in real time to probe its direct effect on these dynamic cellular processes. Here, a new approach is presented for the photochemical modulation of elasticity within the cell's microenvironment at any point in time. A photodegradable hydrogel was irradiated and degraded under cytocompatible conditions to generate a wide range of elastic moduli similar to soft tissues and characterized using rheometry and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The effect of the elastic modulus on valvular interstitial cell (VIC) activation into myofibroblasts was explored. In these studies, gradient samples were used to identify moduli that either promote or suppress VIC myofibroblastic activation. With this knowledge, VICs were cultured on a high modulus, activating hydrogel substrate, and uniquely, results show that decreasing the substrate modulus with irradiation reverses this activation, demonstrating that myofibroblasts can be de-activated solely by changing the modulus of the underlying substrate. This finding is important for the rational design of biomaterials for tissue regeneration and offers insight into fibrotic disease progression. These photodegradable hydrogels demonstrate the capability to both probe and direct cell function through dynamic changes in substrate elasticity.

Keywords
Hydrogel; Elasticity; Photolithography; Fibroblast; Heart valve; Cell activation
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In situ elasticity modulation with dynamic substrates to direct cell phenotype
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 1–8
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us