Modulation of the resorption and osteoconductivity of α-calcium sulfate by histone deacetylase inhibitors
Calcium sulfate (CS) is an osteoconductive material with a long history of clinical use. However, its resorptive properties are not optimal for bone regeneration. Recently, histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDIs) have been suggested as bone regeneration tools. In this study, we investigated the effects of the HDIs sodium butyrate and trichostatin A on α-form CS (αCS) performance. MC3T3-E1 pre-osteoblasts cultured on αCS containing either HDI (αCS/HDI) showed higher levels of alkaline phosphatase activity than those cultured on αCS alone. The expression of genes characteristic of the osteoblast phenotype, including Runx2, osteocalcin, and bone sialoprotein, was strongly promoted by αCS/HDI. When cultured on αCS/HDIs, the osteoclastic differentiation of RAW264.7 monocytes was substantially suppressed, as measured by tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) activity and the expression levels of calcitonin receptor and TRAP. Neither HDI affected the CS setting time, compressive strength, or dissolution in a simulated body fluid. In a rat calvarial model of critical size bone defects, αCS/HDIs enhanced osteoblast differentiation, led to new bone formation, and delayed resorption, as confirmed by micro-computed tomography and histological analyses.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 29–37