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Oxidative stress in the brain of mice caused by translocated nanoparticulate TiO2 delivered to the abdominal cavity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10028 659 2010 7 PDF Available
Title
Oxidative stress in the brain of mice caused by translocated nanoparticulate TiO2 delivered to the abdominal cavity
Abstract

In order to study the mechanisms underlying the effects of TiO2 nanoparticles on the brain, ICR mice were injected with nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 (5 nm) of various doses into the abdominal cavity daily for 14 days. We then examined the coefficient of the brain, the brain pathological changes and oxidative stress-mediated responses, and the accumulation of nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 and levels of neurochemicals in the brain. The results showed that high-dose nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 could induce some neurons to turn into filamentous shapes and others into inflammatory cells. The concentration of nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 in the brain was increased as increases in nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 dosages used. The oxidative stress and injury of the brain occurred as nanoparticulate anatase TiO2 appeared to trigger a cascade of reactions such as lipid peroxidation, the decreases of the total anti-oxidation capacity and activities of antioxidative enzymes, the excessive release of nitric oxide, the reduction of glutamic acid, and the downregulated level of acetylcholinesterase activities. We concluded that TiO2 nanoparticles injected at the abdominal cavity could be translocated into the brain and in turn caused the brain injury.

Keywords
Nanoparticulate anatase TiO2; Mice; Brain; Oxidative stress; Neurochemicals; Cephalitis
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Oxidative stress in the brain of mice caused by translocated nanoparticulate TiO2 delivered to the abdominal cavity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 99–105
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us