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Self-assembled hyaluronic acid nanoparticles for active tumor targeting

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10029 659 2010 9 PDF Available
Title
Self-assembled hyaluronic acid nanoparticles for active tumor targeting
Abstract

Hyaluronic acid nanoparticles (HA-NPs), which are formed by the self-assembly of hydrophobically modified HA derivatives, were prepared to investigate their physicochemical characteristics and fates in tumor-bearing mice after systemic administration. The particle sizes of HA-NPs were controlled in the range of 237–424 nm by varying the degree of substitution of the hydrophobic moiety. When SCC7 cancer cells over-expressing CD44 (the receptor for HA) were treated with fluorescently labeled Cy5.5-HA-NPs, strong fluorescence signals were observed in the cytosol of these cells, suggesting efficient intracellular uptake of HA-NPs by receptor-mediated endocytosis. In contrast, no significant fluorescence signals were observed when Cy5.5-labeled HA-NPs were incubated with normal fibroblast cells (CV-1) or with excess free-HA treated SCC7 cells. Following systemic administration of Cy5.5-labeled HA-NPs with different particle sizes into a tumor-bearing mouse, their biodistribution was monitored as a function of time using a non-invasive near-infrared fluorescence imaging system. Irrespective of the particle size, significant amounts of HA-NPs circulated for two days in the bloodstream and were selectively accumulated into the tumor site. The smaller HA-NPs were able to reach the tumor site more effectively than larger HA-NPs. Interestingly, the concentration of HA-NPs in the tumor site was dramatically reduced when mice were pretreated with an excess of free-HA. These results imply that HA-NPs can accumulate into the tumor site by a combination of passive and active targeting mechanisms.

Keywords
Hyaluronic acid; Nanoparticle; Passive targeting; Active targeting; Tumor specificity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 106–114
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us