The use of PEGylated poly [2-(N,N-dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate] as a mucosal DNA delivery vector and the activation of innate immunity and improvement of HIV-1-specific immune responses
To minimize the cytotoxicity of poly (2-(dimethylamino) ethyl methacrylate) (PDMAEMA) as a gene delivery vector, we synthesized PEGylated PDMAEMA by atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP). Here we report its effects on transfection efficiency in vitro delivered with a GFP expression plasmid and immunogenicity in vivo after complexed with a HIV gag gene DNA vaccine. mPEG113-b-PDMAEMA94 was efficient in condensing DNA and formed polyplexes with an average diameter of about 150 nm. The in vitro transfection experiments demonstrated that PEGylation dramatically decreased the cytotoxicity at the N/P ratios above 30, although the transfection efficiency in vitro was reduced. Interestingly, mice in vivo vaccination study clearly showed that PEGylated PDMAEMA used as DNA delivery vector significantly improved the prime effect of DNA vaccine through intranasal administration. Importantly, PEGylated PDMAEMA was further proved its ability to induce cytokines production by murine macrophages. Overall, mPEG-b-PDMAEMA can be used as an efficient DNA vaccine vector which enhances adaptive immune responses by activating innate immunity.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 31, Issue 1, January 2010, Pages 115–123