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Non-invasive evaluation of alginate/poly-l-lysine/alginate microcapsules by magnetic resonance microscopy

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10139 667 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Non-invasive evaluation of alginate/poly-l-lysine/alginate microcapsules by magnetic resonance microscopy
Abstract

In this report, we present data to demonstrate the utility of 1H MR microscopy to non-invasively examine alginate/poly-l-lysine/alginate (APA) microcapsules. Specifically, high-resolution images were used to visualize and quantify the poly-l-lysine (PLL) layer, and monitor temporal changes in the alginate gel microstructure during a month long in vitro culture. The thickness of the alginate/PLL layer was quantified to be 40.6±6.2 μm regardless of the alginate composition used to generate the beads or the time of alginate/PLL interaction (2, 6, or 20 min). However, there was a notable difference in the contrast of the PLL layer that depended upon the guluronic content of the alginate and the alginate/PLL interaction time. The T2 relaxation time and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the alginate matrix were measured periodically throughout the month long culture period. Alginate beads generated with a high guluronic content alginate demonstrated a temporal decrease in T2 over the duration of the experiment, while ADC was unaffected. This decrease in T2 is attributed to a reorganization of the alginate microstructure due to periodic media exchanges that mimicked a regular feeding regiment for cultured cells. In beads coated with a PLL layer, this temporal decrease in T2 was less pronounced suggesting that the PLL layer helped maintain the integrity of the initial alginate microstructure. Conversely, alginate beads generated with a high mannuronic content alginate (with or without a PLL layer) did not display temporal changes in either T2 or ADC. This observation suggests that the microstructure of high mannuronic content alginate beads is less susceptible to culture conditions.

Keywords
MR imaging; Alginate encapsulation; Poly-l-lysine
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Non-invasive evaluation of alginate/poly-l-lysine/alginate microcapsules by magnetic resonance microscopy
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 15, May 2007, Pages 2438–2445
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us