The in vivo degradation of a ruthenium labelled polysaccharide-based hydrogel for bone tissue engineering
In this paper we report a new method that permitted for the first time to selectively track a polysaccharide-based hydrogel on bone tissue explants, several weeks after its implantation. The hydrogel, which was developed for bone healing and tissue engineering, was labelled with a ruthenium complex and implanted into rabbit bone defects in order to investigate its in vivo degradation. 1, 2, 3 and 8 weeks after surgery, the bone explants were analyzed by synchrotron X-ray microfluorescence, infrared mapping spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and optical microscopy after histological coloration. The results showed that the labelled polysaccharide-based hydrogel was likely to undergo phagocytosis that seemed to occur from the edge to the center of the implantation site up to at least the 8th week.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 8, March 2009, Pages 1568–1577