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The effect of cross-linking of collagen matrices on their angiogenic capability

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10187 670 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
The effect of cross-linking of collagen matrices on their angiogenic capability
Abstract

The poor vascularization rate of matrices following cell invasion is considered to be one of the main shortcomings of scaffolds used in tissue engineering. In the past decade much effort has been directed towards enhancing the angiogenic potential of biomaterials. A great many studies have appeared reporting about enhancement of vascularization by immobilizing angiogenic factors, such as vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). We have also tried to achieve this goal by modifying collagen matrices by covalent incorporation of heparin into the matrices and loading them with VEGF. We and others have observed that loading angiogenic factors to heparinized materials markedly increases angiogenic capacity. In the present paper we also investigated the angiogenic properties of collagen matrices which were only cross-linked, i.e. in the absence of heparin. The angiogenic capacity of the modified matrices was evaluated using the chorioallantoic membrane assay. Differences in angiogenic potential were deduced from macroscopic and microscopic analyses of the chorioallantoic membrane, as well as from dry weight changes. Cross-linked only matrices and matrices both cross-linked and heparinized appeared to show a significantly larger angiogenic potential than unmodified matrices. As previously observed, loading VEGF to these matrices further stepped up angiogenic potential. Quite surprisingly, cross-linking had a substantial impact on angiogenic potential. In terms of magnitude, this effect was similar to the effect of loading VEGF to heparinized matrices. Both modification procedures resulted in an increase of average pore size within the collagen matrices, and this observation may explain the more rapid invasion of mouse fibroblasts into cross-linked and heparinized matrices. Form changes of the implants were also monitored during the in vivo contacts: cross-linked and heparinized matrices showed far better resistance against contraction, as compared to unmodified matrices.Results from the chorioallantoic membrane assay experiments were compared with data obtained from rat model experiments, which confirmed the results from the chorioallantoic membrane assay. This relatively simple assay was again shown to be extremely helpful in evaluating and predicting the angiogenic capabilities of biomaterials for use in tissue engineering and wound healing.

Keywords
Collagen; Angiogenesis; Cross-linking; Heparin; VEGF
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2008, Pages 66–74
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us