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Self-assembled prodrugs: An enzymatically triggered drug-delivery platform

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10222 672 2009 11 PDF Available
Title
Self-assembled prodrugs: An enzymatically triggered drug-delivery platform
Abstract

Enzyme catalysis as a tool to disassemble supramolecular hydrogels to control the release of encapsulated drugs provides an opportunity to design a wide range of enzyme-specific low-molecular-weight hydrogelators. In this proof-of-concept work, we report the synthesis of low-molecular-weight amphiphilic prodrugs as hydrogelators from a well-known drug acetaminophen (which belongs to a class of drugs called analgesics (pain relievers) and antipyretics (fever reducers)). We have shown the ability of prodrugs to self-assemble to form hydrogels that could subsequently encapsulate a second drug such as curcumin, which is a known chemopreventive and anti-inflammatory hydrophobic drug. Upon enzyme-triggered degradation, the hydrogel released single or multiple drugs at physiologically simulated conditions in vitro. Given that the degradation products consist of the drug and a fatty acid, this approach has an advantage over polymer-based prodrugs that generate polymer fragments with heterogeneous chain lengths upon degradation that may present complex toxicity profiles. Additionally, drug-release occurred without burst release. Spectrophotometric experiments supported the drug-release, and the rate was controlled by modulation of temperature and enzyme concentration. Mesenchymal stem cells treated with prodrugs retained their stem cell properties including the capacity of multi-lineage differentiation, and maintained their adhesive and proliferation capacities with high viability. The present biomaterials could have broad applications as drug-delivery vehicles and cell invasive matrices.

Keywords
Prodrugs; Hydrogels; Enzyme catalysis; Self-assembly; Drug-delivery; Mesenchymal stem cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 3, January 2009, Pages 383–393
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
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Any Questions? feel free to contact us