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Assessing infection risk in implanted tissue-engineered devices

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10257 675 2007 7 PDF Available
Title
Assessing infection risk in implanted tissue-engineered devices
Abstract

Peri-operative contamination is the major cause of biomaterial-associated infections, highly complicating surgical patient outcomes. While this risk in traditional implanted biomaterials is well-recognised, newer cell-seeded, biologically conducive tissue-engineered (TE) constructs now targeted for human use have not been assessed for this possibility. We investigated infection incidence of implanted, degradable polyester TE scaffold biomaterials in rabbit knee osteochondral defects. Sterile, polyester copolymer scaffolds of different compositions and cell-accessible pore volumes were surgically inserted into rabbit osteochondral defects for periods of 3 weeks up to 9 months, either with or without initial seeding with autologous or allogeneic chondrocytes. Infection assessment included observation of pus or abscesses in or near the knee joint and post-mortem histological evaluation. Of 228 implanted TE scaffolds, 10 appeared to be infected: 6 scaffolds without cell seeding (3.6%) and 4 cell-seeded scaffolds (6.3%). These infections were evident across all scaffold types, independent of polymer composition or available pore volume, and up to 9 months. We conclude that infections in TE implants pose a serious problem with incidences similar to current biomaterials-associated infections. Infection control measures should be developed in tissue engineering to avoid further complications when TE devices emerge clinically.

Keywords
Tissue engineering; Infection; Scaffold; Pathology
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 34, December 2007, Pages 5148–5154
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us