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Mechanisms regulating increased production of osteoprotegerin by osteoblasts cultured on microstructured titanium surfaces

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10295 678 2009 7 PDF Available
Title
Mechanisms regulating increased production of osteoprotegerin by osteoblasts cultured on microstructured titanium surfaces
Abstract

Osteoblasts grown on microstructured Ti surfaces enhance osteointegration by producing local factors that regulate bone formation as well as bone remodeling, including the RANK ligand decoy receptor osteoprotegerin (OPG). The objective of this study was to explore the mechanism by which surface microstructure and surface energy mediate their stimulatory effects on OPG expression. Titanium disks were manufactured to present different surface morphologies: a smooth pretreatment surface (PT, Ra < 0.2 μm), microstructured sandblasted/acid etched surface (SLA, Ra = 3–4 μm), and a microstructured Ti plasma-sprayed surface (TPS, Ra = 4 μm). Human osteoblast-like MG63 cells were cultured on these substrates and the regulation of OPG production by TGF-β1, PKC, and α2β1 integrin signaling determined. Osteoblasts produced increased amounts of OPG as well as active and latent TGF-β1 and had increased PKC activity when grown on SLA and TPS. Exogenous TGF-β1 increased OPG production in a dose-dependent manner on all surfaces, and this was prevented by adding blocking antibody to the TGF-β type II receptor or by reducing TGF-β1 binding to the receptor by adding exogenous soluble type II receptor. The PKC inhibitor chelerythrine inhibited the production of OPG in a dose-dependent manner, but only in cultures on SLA and TPS. shRNA knockdown of α2 or a double knockdown of α2β1 also reduced OPG, as well as production of TGF-β1. These results indicate that substrate-dependent OPG production is regulated by TGF-β1, PKC, and α2β1 and suggest a mechanism by which α2β1 signaling increases PKC, resulting in TGF-β1 production and TGF-β1 then acts on its receptor to increase transcription of OPG.

Keywords
Osteoblast; TGF-β1; Osteoprotegerin; Titanium; Microtopography
First Page Preview
Mechanisms regulating increased production of osteoprotegerin by osteoblasts cultured on microstructured titanium surfaces
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 20, July 2009, Pages 3390–3396
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering