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Micropatterns of Matrigel for three-dimensional epithelial cultures

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10342 680 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Micropatterns of Matrigel for three-dimensional epithelial cultures
Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) epithelial culture models are widely used to promote a physiologically relevant microenvironment for the study of normal and aberrant epithelial organization. Despite the increased use of these models, their potential as a cell-based screening tool for therapeutics has been hindered by the lack of existing platforms for large-scale 3D cellular studies. Current 3D standard culture does not allow for single spheroid or ‘acinus’ analysis required for high-throughput systems. Here, we present general strategies for creating bulk micropatterns of Matrigel that can be used as a platform for 3D epithelial culture and cell-based assays at the single acinus level. Both buried and free-standing micropatterns of Matrigel were created using modified soft lithography techniques such as microtransfer molding (μTM) and dry lift-off technique. Surface modification of poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) with oxygen plasma followed by treatment with poly(2-hydroxy-ethylmethacrylate) (poly-HEMA) was sufficient to promote deformation-free release of Matrigel patterns. In addition, a novel dual-layer dry lift-off technique was developed to simultaneously generate patterns of Matrigel and poly-HEMA on a single substrate. We also demonstrate that the micropatterned Matrigel can support 3D culture originating from a single normal human mammary epithelial (MCF-10A) cell or a human breast cancer cell (MDA-MB-231) with comparable phenotypes to standard 3D culture techniques. Culture of normal MCF-10A cells on micropatterned Matrigel resulted in formation of structures with the characteristic apoptosis of centrally located cells and formation of hollow lumens. Moreover, the carcinoma cell line showed their characteristic formation of disorganized invasive cellular clusters, lacking the normal epithelial architecture on micropatterned Matrigel. Hence, micropatterned Matrigel can be used as a 3D epithelial cell-based platform for a wide variety of applications in epithelial and cancer biology, tissue engineering, as well as gene/drug screening technology.

Keywords
Epithelial cell; MCF-10A; Micropatterned Matrigel; 3D culture; Cell-based assay; Microtransfer molding
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Micropatterns of Matrigel for three-dimensional epithelial cultures
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 27, September 2007, Pages 4006–4016
Authors
, , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us