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Engineered channels enhance cellular density in perfused scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1036 72 2011 9 PDF Available
Title
Engineered channels enhance cellular density in perfused scaffolds
Abstract

Scaffold-based tissue engineering provides cells with an engineered matrix to enhance and direct cell attachment, proliferation and differentiation. One critical limitation to current tissue engineering approaches is the inability to create densely populated constructs thicker than a few 100 μm. We hypothesized that development of porous, channeled scaffolds would increase cell density and uniformity of their spatial distribution through scaffold channel perfusion. Patterned polyurethane sheets were fabricated using a sprayed phase separation technique and laminated together to form 1.5 mm thick channeled scaffolds. Hydraulic permeability testing confirmed the presence of functional channels throughout the multilaminate construct. A continuous flow bioreactor was used to perfuse the construct with medium during the culture period. Cross-sectional cell densities and spatial uniformities were measured in channeled and nonchanneled scaffolds under different seeding and culture conditions. Channeled scaffolds were found to have higher densities of human mesenchymal stem cells than nonchanneled samples. Perfused scaffolds had more uniform spatial distribution of cells within the scaffold compared to statically cultured scaffolds. In conclusion, we have shown the channeled scaffolds to be a promising approach toward creating thick tissue-engineered constructs.

Keywords
Scaffold; Perfusion; Polyurethane; Shear stress; Hydraulic permeability
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 11, November 2011, Pages 3896–3904
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us