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Injectable chitosan-based hydrogels for cartilage tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10394 683 2009 8 PDF Available
Title
Injectable chitosan-based hydrogels for cartilage tissue engineering
Abstract

Water-soluble chitosan derivatives, chitosan-graft-glycolic acid (GA) and phloretic acid (PA) (CH-GA/PA), were designed to obtain biodegradable injectable chitosan hydrogels through enzymatic crosslinking with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and H2O2. CH-GA/PA polymers were synthesized by first conjugating glycolic acid (GA) to native chitosan to render the polymer soluble at pH 7.4, and subsequent modification with phloretic acid (PA). The CH-GA43/PA10 with a degree of substitution (DS, defined as the number of substituted NH2 groups per 100 glucopyranose rings of chitosan) of GA of 43 and DS of PA of 10 showed a good solubility at pH values up to 10. Short gelation times (e.g. 10 s at a polymer concentration of 3 wt%), as recorded by the vial tilting method, were observed for the CH-GA43/PA10 hydrogels using HRP and H2O2. It was shown that these hydrogels can be readily degraded by lysozyme. In vitro culturing of chondrocytes in CH-GA43/PA10 hydrogels revealed that after 2 weeks the cells were viable and retained their round shape. These features indicate that CH-GA/PA hydrogels are promising as an artificial extracellular matrix for cartilage tissue engineering.

Keywords
Hydrogel; Biodegradable; Enzymatic crosslinking; Chitosan; Chondrocytes
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Injectable chitosan-based hydrogels for cartilage tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 13, May 2009, Pages 2544–2551
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us