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Tissue-engineered vascular grafts composed of marine collagen and PLGA fibers using pulsatile perfusion bioreactors

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10429 684 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Tissue-engineered vascular grafts composed of marine collagen and PLGA fibers using pulsatile perfusion bioreactors
Abstract

Novel tubular scaffolds of marine source collagen and PLGA fibers were fabricated by freeze drying and electrospinning processes for vascular grafts. The hybrid scaffolds, composed of a porous collagen matrix and a fibrous PLGA layer, had an average pore size of 150±50 μm. The electrospun fibrous PLGA layer on the surface of a porous tubular collagen scaffold improved the mechanical strength of the collagen scaffolds in both the dry and wet states. Smooth muscle cells (SMCs)- and endothelial cells (ECs)-cultured collagen/PLGA scaffolds exhibited mechanical properties similar to collagen/PLGA scaffolds unseeded with cells, even after culturing for 23 days. The effect of a mechanical stimulation on the proliferation and phenotype of SMCs and ECs, cultured on collagen/PLGA scaffolds, was evaluated. The pulsatile perfusion system enhanced the SMCs and ECs proliferation. In addition, a significant cell alignment in a direction radial to the distending direction was observed in tissues exposed to radial distention, which is similar to the phenomenon of native vessel tissues in vivo. On the other hand, cells in tissues engineered in the static condition were randomly aligned. Immunochemical analyses showed that the expressions of SM α-actin, SM myosin heavy chain, EC von Willebrand factor, and EC nitric oxide were upregulated in tissues engineered under a mechano-active condition, compared to vessel tissues engineered in the static condition. These results indicated that the co-culturing of SMCs and ECs, using collagen/PLGA hybrid scaffolds under a pulsatile perfusion system, leads to the enhancement of vascular EC development, as well as the retention of the differentiated cell phenotype.

Keywords
Vascular grafts; Bioreactor; Collagen; Scaffold
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Tissue-engineered vascular grafts composed of marine collagen and PLGA fibers using pulsatile perfusion bioreactors
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 6, February 2007, Pages 1115–1122
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us