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Protein–polymer conjugates for forming photopolymerizable biomimetic hydrogels for tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10462 685 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Protein–polymer conjugates for forming photopolymerizable biomimetic hydrogels for tissue engineering
Abstract

Collagen, fibrin and albumin are popular proteins for making biological scaffolds for tissue engineering because of their biocompatibility, biodegradability, and availability. A major drawback of biological protein-based biomaterials is the limited control over their physical and biodegradation properties. Our laboratory has been developing new protein-based biomaterials with tunable properties without the use of cytotoxic protein cross-linking techniques. We describe the formation and assembly of photopolymerizable biomimetic hydrogel scaffolds made from protein–polymer conjugates of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) and collagen, fibrin or albumin. The conjugation of PEG to these proteins (PEGylation) was verified by SDS-PAGE and the polymerization reaction into a hydrogel network was confirmed by shear rheometry. The differences in rheology and swelling characteristics of the three hydrogel materials underscore the importance of the molecular relationship between the PEG and the protein constituent in this protein–polymer arrangement. The biofunctionality of the PEGylated collagen and fibrinogen hydrogels sustained both cell adhesion and proteolytic degradation that enabled 3-D cell spreading and migration within the hydrogel network. PEG–albumin hydrogels exhibited poor cell spreading and migration by virtue of the fact that the albumin backbone lacks any known cell adhesion sites. Despite differences in the biological and structural composition of the PEGylated fibrinogen and collagen hydrogels, the rate of cellular migration within each material was not significantly different.

Keywords
Albumin; Fibrin; Collagen; Poly(ethylene glycol); Scaffold; Smooth muscle cells
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Protein–polymer conjugates for forming photopolymerizable biomimetic hydrogels for tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 26, September 2007, Pages 3876–3886
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us