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Reduction-sensitive polymers and bioconjugates for biomedical applications

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10503 688 2009 19 PDF Available
Title
Reduction-sensitive polymers and bioconjugates for biomedical applications
Abstract

Reduction-sensitive biodegradable polymers and conjugates have emerged as a fascinating class of biomedical materials that can be elegantly applied for intracellular triggered gene and drug delivery. The design rationale of reduction-sensitive polymers and conjugates usually involves incorporation of disulfide linkage(s) in the main chain, at the side chain, or in the cross-linker. Reduction-sensitive polymers and conjugates are characterized by an excellent stability in the circulation and in extracellular fluids, whereas they are prone to rapid degradation under a reductive environment present in intracellular compartments such as the cytoplasm and the cell nucleus. This remarkable feature renders them distinct from their hydrolytically degradable counterparts and extremely intriguing for the controlled cytoplasmic delivery of a variety of bioactive molecules including DNA, siRNA, antisense oligonucleotide (asODN), proteins, drugs, etc. This review presents recent advances in the development of reduction-sensitive biodegradable polymers and conjugates, with particular focus on the up-to-date design and chemistry of various reduction-sensitive delivery systems including liposomes, polymersomes, polymeric micelles, DNA containing nanoparticles, polyion complex micelles, nano- and micro-gels, nanotubes, and multi-layered thin films. It is evident that reduction-sensitive biodegradable polymers and conjugates are highly promising functional biomaterials that have enormous potential in formulating sophisticated drug and gene delivery systems.

Keywords
Disulfide; Reduction-sensitive; Glutathione; Biodegradation; Drug delivery; Gene transfer
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 12, April 2009, Pages 2180–2198
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us