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The effect of mesoporous bioactive glass on the physiochemical, biological and drug-release properties of poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) films

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10504 688 2009 10 PDF Available
Title
The effect of mesoporous bioactive glass on the physiochemical, biological and drug-release properties of poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) films
Abstract

Poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) has been widely used for bone tissue regeneration. However, it lacks hydrophilicity, bioactivity and sufficient mechanical strength and its acidic degradation by-products can lead to pH decrease in the vicinity of the implants. Mesoporous bioactive glass (MBG) with highly ordered structure (pore size 2–50 nm) possesses higher bioactivity than non-mesoporous bioactive glass (BG). The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of MBG on the mechanical strength, in vitro degradation, bioactivity, cellular response and drug release of PLGA films and optimize their physicochemical, biological and drug-delivery properties for bone tissue engineering application. The surface and inner microstructure, mechanical strength and surface hydrophilicity of MBG/PLGA and BG/PLGA films were tested. Results indicated that MBG or BG was uniformly dispersed in the PLGA films. The incorporation of MBG into PLGA films significantly improved their tensile strength, modulus and surface hydrophilicity. MBG/PLGA resulted in an enhanced mechanical strength, in vitro degradation (water absorbance, weight loss and ions release), apatite-formation ability and pH stability in simulated body fluids (SBF), compared to BG/PLGA. MBG/PLGA and BG/PLGA films enhanced human osteoblastic-like cells (HOBs) attachment, spreading and proliferation compared to PLGA. HOBs differentiation was significantly upregulated when cells were cultured on 30 MBG/PLGA for 14 days, compared to 30 BG/PLGA. MBG/PLGA enhanced the accumulative release of dexamethazone (DEX) at early stages (0–200 h) compared to BG/PLGA, however, after 200 h, DEX-release rates for MBG/PLGA was slower than that of BG/PLGA. The contents of MBG in PLGA films can control the amount of DEX released. Taken together, MBG/PLGA films possessed excellent physicochemical, biological and drug-release properties, indicating their potential application for bone tissue engineering by designing 3D scaffolds according to their corresponding compositions.

Keywords
Mesoporous bioactive glass; PLGA; Osteoblasts; Dexamethazone; Drug release
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The effect of mesoporous bioactive glass on the physiochemical, biological and drug-release properties of poly(dl-lactide-co-glycolide) films
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 30, Issue 12, April 2009, Pages 2199–2208
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us