fulltext.study @t Gmail

The mechanical properties of the skin epidermis in relation to targeted gene and drug delivery

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10567 691 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
The mechanical properties of the skin epidermis in relation to targeted gene and drug delivery
Abstract

A challenge in combating many major diseases is breaching the skin's tough outer layer (the stratum corneum (SC)) and delivering drugs and genes into the underlying abundant immunologically sensitive viable epidermal cells with safe, practical physical technologies. To achieve this effectively and accurately, design information is needed on key skin mechanical properties when pushing into and through epidermal skin cells. We measure these important mechanical properties by penetrating through the intact SC and viable epidermis (VE) of freshly excised murine skin with a NANO-indenter, using custom tungsten probes fabricated with nominally 5 and 2 μm diameters (with nanoscale tips). We show the skin Young's modulus, storage modulus and stress all dramatically decreased through the SC. Also, for a given penetration depth, decreasing the probe size significantly increases the storage modulus. Biological variation in penetrating the skin was shown. These collective findings advance the rational design of physical approaches for delivering genes and drugs within key cells of the VE.

Keywords
Dermis; Drug delivery; Mechanical properties; NANO-indenter; Vaccines
First Page Preview
The mechanical properties of the skin epidermis in relation to targeted gene and drug delivery
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 33, November 2007, Pages 4968–4977
Authors
, , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us