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The effect of glycosaminoglycan stabilization on tissue buckling in bioprosthetic heart valves

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10619 694 2008 9 PDF Available
Title
The effect of glycosaminoglycan stabilization on tissue buckling in bioprosthetic heart valves
Abstract

Bioprosthetic valves are used in thousands of heart valve replacement surgeries. Existing glutaraldehyde-crosslinked bioprosthetic valves fail due to either calcification or degeneration. Glutaraldehyde crosslinking does not stabilize valvular glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). GAGs, predominantly present in the medial spongiosa layer of native heart valve cusps, play an important role in regulating physico-mechanical behavior of the native cuspal tissue during dynamic motion. The primary objective of this study was to identify the role of cuspal GAGs in valve tissue buckling. Glutaraldehyde-crosslinked cusps showed extensive buckling compared to fresh, native cusps. Removal of GAGs by treatment with GAG-degrading enzymes led to a marked increase in buckling behavior in glutaraldehyde-crosslinked cusps. We demonstrate that the retention of valvular GAGs by carbodiimide crosslinking together with chemical attachment of neomycin trisulfate (a hyaluronidase inhibitor), prior to glutaraldehyde crosslinking, reduces the extent of buckling in bioprosthetic heart valves. Furthermore, following exposure to GAG-digestive enzymes, neomycin-trisulfate-bound cusps experienced no alterations in buckling behavior. Such moderate buckling patterns mimicked that of fresh, untreated cusps subjected to similar bending curvatures. Thus, GAG stabilization may subsequently improve the durability of these bioprostheses.

Keywords
Tissue buckling; GAGs; Neomycin; Carbodiimide
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The effect of glycosaminoglycan stabilization on tissue buckling in bioprosthetic heart valves
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 11, April 2008, Pages 1645–1653
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us