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Preparation and cytotoxic activity of poly(ethylene glycol)-modified poly(amidoamine) dendrimers bearing adriamycin

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10621 694 2008 12 PDF Available
Title
Preparation and cytotoxic activity of poly(ethylene glycol)-modified poly(amidoamine) dendrimers bearing adriamycin
Abstract

We have developed poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimers that have poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) grafts at all dendrimer chain ends. To obtain PEG-modified dendrimers with sites for conjugation of anticancer drugs for this study, we prepared PAMAM G4 dendrimers that have a glutamic acid (Glu) residue at every chain end of dendrimer; PEG chains were attached to amino groups of Glu residues. We then combined the anticancer drug adriamycin to side chains of the Glu residues using an amide bond, [PEG–Glu(ADR)-G4], or hydrazone bond, [PEG–Glu(NHN–ADR)-G4]. For the dendrimers bearing adriamycin through amide linkage, adriamycin was released only slightly at pH 7.4 and 5.5. Although a negligible level of release occurred at pH 7.4 for dendrimers with adriamycin via hydrazone linkage, a remarkable extent of adriamycin release was induced at pH 5.5, which corresponds to the pH of late endosome. These adriamycin-bearing dendrimers showed much lower toxicity to HeLa cells than did free adriamycin. However, compared to PEG–Glu(ADR)-G4, PEG–Glu(NHN–ADR)-G4 exhibited 7 times higher cytotoxicity, suggesting the importance of pH-sensitive hydrazone linkage for high cytotoxicity. Furthermore, the PEG-modified dendrimers exhibited an equivalent level of toxicity to that of adriamycin-resistant SBC-3/ADR100 cells and their parent adriamycin-sensitive SBC-3 cells.

Keywords
Poly(amidoamine); Dendrimer; Drug delivery; Adriamycin; Poly(ethylene glycol); Chemotherapy
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Preparation and cytotoxic activity of poly(ethylene glycol)-modified poly(amidoamine) dendrimers bearing adriamycin
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 11, April 2008, Pages 1664–1675
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us