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Solid lipid templating of macroporous tissue engineering scaffolds

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10633 695 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Solid lipid templating of macroporous tissue engineering scaffolds
Abstract

Macroporous biodegradable cell carriers (scaffolds) provide the three-dimensional matrix for tissue formation in vitro. In this study, we present the fabrication of macroporous scaffolds with high inter-pore connectivity from different biodegradable polymers using the recently developed solid lipid templating technique. Starting from a polymer solution and solid lipid microparticles, a dispersion is prepared and subsequently transferred into molds, which are finally submerged in warm hexane to precipitate the polymer and extract the porogens. The study shows how to control pore structure, pore size and porosity of the scaffold using this technique. The process parameters dispersion viscosity, porogen size and type of polymer are considered. Limits of viscosity are examined by macroscopic and microstructure evaluation of the scaffolds prepared at different viscosities. An approach to rationalize these data by oscillation rheometry is shown. Pore size can be controlled by porogen particle size and adaptation of the viscosity of the polymer solution. Porosity can be modified by changing the ratio of porogen to polymer. The suitability of the resulting scaffolds was shown using an established cartilage cell culture model.

Keywords
Scaffold; Lipid; Polylactic acid; Polyethylene oxide; Cartilage tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 24, August 2007, Pages 3497–3507
Authors
, , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us