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Performance of collagen sponge as a 3-D scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10711 699 2006 11 PDF Available
Title
Performance of collagen sponge as a 3-D scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering
Abstract

Tooth structure can be regenerated by seeding dissociated tooth cells onto polyglycolic acid fiber mesh, although the success rate of tooth production is low. The present study was designed to compare the performance of collagen sponge with polyglycolic acid fiber mesh as a 3-D scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering. Porcine third molar teeth at the early stage of crown formation were enzymatically dissociated into single cells, and the heterogeneous cells were seeded onto collagen sponge or the polyglycolic acid fiber mesh scaffolds. Scaffolds were then cultured to evaluate cell adhesion and ALP activity in vitro. An in vivo analysis was performed by implanting the constructs into the omentum of immunocompromised rats and evaluating tooth production up to 25 weeks. After 24 h, there were a significantly higher number of cells attached to the collagen sponge scaffold than the polyglycolic acid fiber mesh scaffold. Similarly, the ALP activity was significantly higher for the collagen sponge scaffold was than the polyglycolic acid fiber mesh scaffold after 7 days of culture. The area of calcified tissue formed in the collagen sponge scaffold was also larger than in the polyglycolic acid fiber mesh scaffold. The results from in vivo experiments show conclusively that a collagen sponge scaffold allows tooth production with a higher degree of success than polyglycolic acid fiber mesh. Taken together, the results from this study show that collagen sponge scaffold is superior to the polyglycolic acid fiber mesh scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering.

Keywords
Collagen sponge; Odontogenesis; Polyglycolic acid; Scaffold; Tissue engineering; Teeth
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Performance of collagen sponge as a 3-D scaffold for tooth-tissue engineering
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 17, June 2006, Pages 3238–3248
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us