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Tubule orientation and the fatigue strength of human dentin

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10808 702 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Tubule orientation and the fatigue strength of human dentin
Abstract

In this study the influence of tubule orientation on the strength of human dentin under static and cyclic loads was examined. Rectangular beams were sectioned from the coronal dentin of virgin extracted molars (N=83N=83) and then loaded in quasi-static 4-point flexure or 4-point flexural fatigue to failure. The flexure strength, energy to fracture and fatigue strength were evaluated for specimens with the dentin tubules aligned parallel (θ=0°θ=0°) and perpendicular (θ=90°θ=90°) to the plane of maximum normal stress. Results from monotonic loading showed that both the flexural strength and energy to fracture of dentin specimens with θ=0°θ=0° were significantly greater than those with θ=90°θ=90°. Furthermore, the apparent endurance strength of dentin with θ=0°θ=0° (44 MPa) was significantly greater than that of the dentin with θ=90°θ=90° (24 MPa). The ratio of apparent endurance strength (for fully reversed loading) to the flexure strength for θ=0°θ=0° and θ=90°θ=90° was 0.41 and 0.28, respectively. Although the influence of tubule orientation was most important to mechanical behavior, the flexure strength and energy to fracture also decreased with an increase in tubule density. According to differences in the fatigue strength with tubule orientation, restorative practices promoting large cyclic normal stresses perpendicular to the tubules would be more likely to facilitate fatigue failure in dentin with cyclic loading.

Keywords
Dentin; Fatigue; Fracture; Tubule orientation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 9, March 2006, Pages 2131–2140
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us