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Cholesterol transport from liposomal delivery vehicles

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10887 706 2007 10 PDF Available
Title
Cholesterol transport from liposomal delivery vehicles
Abstract

Rapid internalization of drugs from delivery vehicles via non-endocytotic pathways is an important goal. The transport of imaging probes attached to cholesterol and introduced via a liposomal formulation is considered here, in order to evaluate the intracellular distribution and kinetics of small molecular cargo that might be attached to cholesterol or phospholipids. The internalization efficiencies of two fluorescent cholesterol analogues, one carrying a fluorophore on the head of the cholesterol molecule 4,4-difluoro-5,7-dimethyl-4-bora-3a,4a-diaza-s-indacene-3-dodecanoate (BODIPY)-cholesteryl ester (CE) (BODIPY-CE) and the other on the tail (25-[N-[(7-nitro-2-1,3-benzoxadiazol-4-yl)-methyl]amino]-27-norcholesterol (NBD-cholesterol)), were compared with those of other phospholipid molecules (NBD-phosphatidylcholine (PC) and NBD-phosphatidylethanolamine (PE)) using a liposomal formulation (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC), 85.5 m%; 1,2 distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-2000] (DSPE-PEG2k), 9.5 m%; fluorescent analogue, 5 m%). The rate and transfer efficiency were NBD-cholesterol>BODIPY-CE>NBD-PC>NBD-PE. NBD-cholesterol, delivered by liposomes with an average diameter of 100 nm, localized in the perinuclear region and lipid storage droplets, with transfer observed in as little as 5 min. NBD-cholesterol transport was approximately constant with time, suggesting a unidirectional mode of entry. In the absence of PEG within the liposome, the transfer rate decreased. Filipin, a caveolae-blocking agent, caused 70% inhibition of cholesterol internalization in treated cells, suggesting that cholesterol internalization follows a caveolae-mediated pathway.

Keywords
Cholesterol internalization; Endocytosis pathway; Caveolae; Liposome; Drug delivery
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Cholesterol transport from liposomal delivery vehicles
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 29, October 2007, Pages 4311–4320
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us