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Vancomycin release behaviour from amorphous calcium polyphosphate matrices intended for osteomyelitis treatment

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10897 707 2005 10 PDF Available
Title
Vancomycin release behaviour from amorphous calcium polyphosphate matrices intended for osteomyelitis treatment
Abstract

Calcium polyphosphate (CPP) antibiotic delivery matrices were prepared using a unique processing technique involving the exposure of antibiotic-loaded CPP pastes to high humidity for 0, 5, or 24 h. After the designated gelling period, samples were dried for a minimum of 24 h. At several time points out to 130 h, the elution medium was monitored for vancomycin, Ca2+ ion and ortho and poly phosphate release levels. Vancomycin activity was also assessed after 1, 24 and 130 h, while solution 31P-NMR was used to monitor changes in chain length within a 24 hr gelled VCM disc throughout the elution process. The gelling and drying process significantly reduced the rate of vancomycin release during the initial 2–4 h of elution, while extending the effective antibiotic release period by an additional 80 h. The mild conditions associated with matrix fabrication readily allowed for vancomycin incorporation within an environment that did not disrupt antibiotic activity. Throughout the elution process, all sample groups experienced considerable swelling followed by some apparent bulk erosion. Phosphate chain lysis was clearly observed by the end of the elution period. Generally, no strong or consistent correlation existed between matrix degradation and antibiotic release for the treatment groups investigated. An ability to delay antibiotic release using CPPs in conjunction with this protocol supports further investigations into the potential of this matrix as a localized drug delivery system.

Keywords
Calcium phosphate; Drug delivery; Degradation; Bone repair
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Vancomycin release behaviour from amorphous calcium polyphosphate matrices intended for osteomyelitis treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 35, December 2005, Pages 7276–7285
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us