fulltext.study @t Gmail

The effect on bone regeneration of a liposomal vector to deliver BMP-2 gene to bone grafts in peri-implant bone defects

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10958 710 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
The effect on bone regeneration of a liposomal vector to deliver BMP-2 gene to bone grafts in peri-implant bone defects
Abstract

sSuccessful bone–implant osseointegration in large peri-implant bone defects is often difficult, even through autologous bone grafting. Recently, cell-mediated regional gene therapy was introduced to deliver potent morphogens or growth factors in regenerative medicine. We applied liposomal vectors carrying bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 cDNA directly into freshly created peri-implant bone defects on pig calvariae, with or without autologous bone graft. The BMP-2 gene was efficiently introduced into immigrating cells and trabecular cells lining the marginal bone surrounding the bony defect. After 1 week, abundant BMP-2 protein was detected throughout the peri-implant bone defect by immunohistochemistry. At 4 weeks, BMP-producing cells were still present in the defect and peri-implant area, which significantly enhanced new bone formation, compared with the control groups. Interestingly within a week of BMP-2 gene delivery with bone grafts, most osteoblastic cells lining the grafted bone chips also produced BMP-2. Particulated bone was immediately reorganized into newly formed trabecular bone. Grafted bone without BMP-2 gene delivery was still scattered and new bone matrix formation was not detected until 4 weeks after bone grafting. In conclusion, direct application of the BMP-2 gene using a liposomal vector enhanced bone regeneration in a bony defect and gene delivery combined with bone graft could induce a rapid osseointegration of the bone–implant interface at earlier stage.

Keywords
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP); Gene transfer; Liposome; Bone graft; Dental implant; De novo bone formation
First Page Preview
The effect on bone regeneration of a liposomal vector to deliver BMP-2 gene to bone grafts in peri-implant bone defects
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 17, June 2007, Pages 2772–2782
Authors
, , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us