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A silanized hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydrogel for the three-dimensional culture of chondrocytes

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
10984 711 2005 9 PDF Available
Title
A silanized hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydrogel for the three-dimensional culture of chondrocytes
Abstract

Articular cartilage has limited intrinsic repair capacity. In order to promote cartilage repair, the amplification and transfer of autologous chondrocytes using three-dimensional scaffolds have been proposed. We have developed an injectable and self-setting hydrogel consisting of hydroxypropyl methylcellulose grafted with silanol groups (Si-HPMC). The aim of the present work is to assess both the in vitro cytocompatibility of this hydrogel and its ability to maintain a chondrocyte-specific phenotype. Primary chondrocytes isolated from rabbit articular cartilage (RAC) and two human chondrocytic cell lines (SW1353 and C28/I2) were cultured into the hydrogel. Methyl tetrazolium salt (MTS) assay and cell counting indicated that Si-HPMC hydrogel did not affect respectively chondrocyte viability and proliferation. Fluorescent microscopic observations of RAC and C28/I2 chondrocytes double-labeled with cell tracker green and ethidium homodimer-1 revealed that chondrocytes proliferated within Si-HPMC. Phenotypic analysis (RT-PCR and Alcian blue staining) indicates that chondrocytes, when three-dimensionnally cultured within Si-HPMC, expressed transcripts encoding type II collagen and aggrecan and produced sulfated glycosaminoglycans. These results show that Si-HPMC allows the growth of differentiated chondrocytes. Si-HPMC therefore appears as a potential scaffold for three-dimensional amplification and transfer of chondrocytes in cartilage tissue engineering.

Keywords
Articular cartilage; Hydrogel; Chondrocytes; Tissue engineering; Biocompatibility
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A silanized hydroxypropyl methylcellulose hydrogel for the three-dimensional culture of chondrocytes
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 33, November 2005, Pages 6643–6651
Authors
, , , , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us