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Limits to the durability of arterial elastic tissue

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11013 712 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Limits to the durability of arterial elastic tissue
Abstract

To engineer a better blood vessel, we must identify which structural, mechanical, and biological features of the native vessel must be replicated to ensure long-term survival of the implant. In this study, we tested autoclave-purified elastic tissue from along the pig thoracic aorta under long-term static and cyclic loading to identify factors that affected its durability. Samples were tested in water or in sucrose, which enhances viscoelasticity. Samples failed between 50% and 80% extension, which is lower than the failure extension in shorter, quasi-static tensile tests. Cyclic loading had a small effect on the durability of samples tested in water. Samples from the distal thoracic aorta and samples pre-treated in 70% ethanol showed enhanced durability. Failure between 50% and 80% extension appears associated with structural features of the individual fibre, and indirect evidence suggests it may be due to failure of the microfibrils, not the elastin. Cross-linked elastin may be necessary but insufficient to prevent failure. Durability appears also affected by regional differences in tissue structure, possibly the three-dimensional fibre organization. These results suggest ensuring normal fibre synthesis and organization may be crucial to the design of a successful vascular implant.

Keywords
Elastin; Microfibril; Arterial tissue engineering; Fatigue; Mechanical test
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Limits to the durability of arterial elastic tissue
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 11, April 2007, Pages 2021–2031
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us