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Cartilaginous ECM component-modification of the micro-bead culture system for chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11024 713 2007 12 PDF Available
Title
Cartilaginous ECM component-modification of the micro-bead culture system for chondrogenic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells
Abstract

In this study a 3-D alginate microbead platform was coated with cartilaginous extracellular matrix (ECM) components to emulate chondrogenic microenvironment in vivo for the differentiation of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). BMSCs were seeded onto the microbead surface and the effect of the modified microbead on BMSC adhesion, proliferation and chondrogenic differentiation was studied, and compared to chondrogenesis in conventional pellet culture. Our results indicated that microbead system promoted BMSC proliferation and protein deposition resulting in the formation of bigger aggregates compared to conventional pellet culture. Analysis of the aggregates indicated that chondroitin sulfate (CS)- and Col2-coated microbeads enhanced the chondrogenic differentiation of hBMSCs, with increasing formation of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and collagen II deposition in histology, immunohistochemistry and real time PCR analysis. In addition, Col2-coated microbeads resulted in hypertrophic maturation of the differentiated chondrocytes, similar to conventional pellet culture, while CS-coated microbeads were able to retain the pre-hypertrophy state of the differentiated cells. Our result suggested that provision of suitable cartilaginous microenvironment in a 3-D system can promote the chondrogenic differentiation of BMSC and influence the phenotype of resulting chondrocytes. Our microbead system provides an easy method of processing a 3-D alginate system that allows the possibility of scaling up chondrogenic pellet production for clinical application, while the modifiable microbeads also provide an adjustable 3-D platform for the study of co-interaction of ECM and differentiation factors during the stem cell differentiation.

Keywords
Alginate; Chitosan; Mesenchcymal stem cells; Extracellular matix; Chondrogenic differentiation
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 28, October 2007, Pages 4056–4067
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us