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Steady-state diffusion of water through soft-contact-lens materials

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11077 716 2005 13 PDF Available
Title
Steady-state diffusion of water through soft-contact-lens materials
Abstract

Water transport through soft contact lenses (SCL) is important for acceptable performance on the human eye. Chemical-potential gradient-driven diffusion rates of water through SCL materials are measured with an evaporation-cell technique. Water is evaporated from the bottom surface of a lens membrane by impinging air at controlled flow rate and humidity. The resulting weight loss of a water reservoir covering the top surface of the contact-lens material is recorded as a function of time.New results are reported for a conventional hydrogel material (SofLens™ One Day, hilafilcon A, water content at saturation w10=70w10=70 weight %) and a silicone hydrogel material (PureVision™, balafilcon A, w10=36%w10=36%), with and without surface oxygen plasma treatment. Also, previously reported data for a conventional 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA)-SCL (w10=38%)(w10=38%) hydrogel are reexamined and compared with those for SofLens™ One Day and PureVision™ hydrogels. Measured steady-state water fluxes are largest for SofLens™ One Day, followed by PureVision™ and HEMA. In some cases, the measured steady-state water fluxes increase with rising relative air humidity. This increase, due to an apparent mass-transfer resistance at the surface (trapping skinning), is associated with formation of a glassy skin at the air/membrane interface when the relative humidity is below 55–75%.Steady-state water fluxes are interpreted through an extended Maxwell–Stefan diffusion model for a mixture of species starkly different in size. Thermodynamic nonideality is considered through Flory–Rehner polymer-solution theory. Shrinking/swelling is self-consistently modeled by conservation of the total polymer mass. Fitted Maxwell–Stefan diffusivities increase significantly with water concentration in the contact lens.

Keywords
Evaporation-cell method; Water diffusion-coefficient; Soft contact lens; Extended Maxwell–Stefan model; Trapping skinning; Glass transition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 26, Issue 28, October 2005, Pages 5704–5716
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us