Biodegradable microfiber implants delivering paclitaxel for post-surgical chemotherapy against malignant glioma
Paclitaxel-loaded biodegradable implants in the form of microfiber discs and sheets were developed using electrospinning technique and investigated against malignant glioma in vitro and in vivo. The fibrous matrices not only provide greater surface area to volume ratio for effective drug release rates but also give the much needed implantability into tumor resected cavity in post-surgical glioma chemotherapy. Poly-(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) 85:15 co-polymer was used to fabricate microfiber disc (MFD) and microfiber sheet (MFS) and PLGA 50:50 co-polymer was used to fabricate submicrofiber disc (SFD) and submicrofiber sheet (SFS) to avail different drug release properties. All the dosage forms showed sustained paclitaxel release over 80 days in vitro with a small initial burst. Sheets exhibited a relatively higher initial burst compared to discs probably due to the lower compactness. Also, submicrofibers showed higher release against microfiber due to higher surface area to volume ratio and higher degradation rate. Apoptosis study confirmed the advantage of sustained release of paclitaxel from fiber matrices compared to acute Taxol® administration. Animal study confirmed inhibited tumor growth of 75, 78, 69 and 71% for MFD, SFD, MFS and SFS treated groups over placebo control groups after 24 days of tumor growth. Thus these implants may play a crucial role in the local chemotherapy of brain tumors.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 20, July 2008, Pages 2996–3003