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Enzymatically crosslinked collagen-mimetic dendrimers that promote integrin-targeted cell adhesion

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11094 717 2008 12 PDF Available
Title
Enzymatically crosslinked collagen-mimetic dendrimers that promote integrin-targeted cell adhesion
Abstract

Collagen is made up of a diverse family of the extracellular matrices, most of which are generally found crosslinked in vivo. To more closely mimic the biological function of collagen, this work focuses on establishing a molecular strategy to engineer a functional biomimetic collagen that exhibits stable collagen-like triple-helical conformation with cell-binding activity, in addition to an enzyme-mediated crosslinking by tissue transglutaminase (tTGase). A novel sequence spanning residues 2800–2807 of human fibrillin-1 (EDGFFKI) was first identified as an amine donor substrate for tTGase, using a previously characterized APQQEA derived from human osteonectin as an amine acceptor probe. Subsequently, collagen-mimetic peptides (CMPs) supplemented with a cell-binding sequence (GFOGER) and the identified EDGFFKI and APQQEA substrate sequences were conjugated onto a generation 2 poly(amidoamine) dendrimer, resulting in a crosslinkable collagen-mimetic dendrimer, denoted as CMD-K and CMD-Q, respectively. Both CMD-K and CMD-Q exhibited enhanced triple-helical stability and supported cell adhesion in an integrin-specific manner. Finally, tTGase-mediated crosslinking between CMD-K and CMD-Q resulted in a supramolecular structure that exhibited stable collagen-like triple-helical conformation and improved cellular recognition. The results show that the triple-helical structure is important in preserving the GFOGER cell-binding site while the tTGase-mediated protein crosslinking may also be crucial for the recognition by cell surface integrin receptors.

Keywords
Collagen; Dendrimer; Biomimetic material; Enzymatic crosslinking; Cell adhesion; Hepatocyte
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Enzymatically crosslinked collagen-mimetic dendrimers that promote integrin-targeted cell adhesion
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 20, July 2008, Pages 3034–3045
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us