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Influence of calcium phosphate crystal assemblies on the proliferation and osteogenic gene expression of rat bone marrow stromal cells

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11167 722 2007 11 PDF Available
Title
Influence of calcium phosphate crystal assemblies on the proliferation and osteogenic gene expression of rat bone marrow stromal cells
Abstract

Calcium phosphates (CaPs) have been investigated as substrates to promote bone formation both in vitro and in vivo. The aim of this study was to examine the proliferation and differentiation of rat bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) cultured on three-dimensional (3D) octacalcium phosphate (OCP) crystal assemblies. The cytotoxicity of OCP crystal assemblies was evaluated by measuring the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release from BMSCs during 10 h of incubation with OCP crystal assemblies. The proliferation of BMSCs on OCP crystal assemblies in medium with or without osteogenic supplements was also investigated using the MTT assay with tissue culture treated plastic (TP) as the control. The tissues formed by BMSCs cultured on OCP crystal assemblies for 24 days were examined following staining with haematoxylin and eosin (H&E), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and Van Gieson's techniques. The influence of OCP crystal assemblies on mRNA expression of α chain of collagen type I (Coll-Ia), ALP and osteocalcin (OC), osteonectin (ON), osteopontin (OP), lumican, Cbfa1, EST317 and EST350 by the BMSCs were also investigated using semi-quantitative RT-PCR.Although OCP crystals were relatively cytotoxic compared with TP, proliferation of BMSCs occurred when seeded onto OCP crystal assemblies. BMSCs cultured on OCP demonstrated similar proliferation rates as found on the control and no significant difference (P<0.05) in the number of cells cultured in medium supplemented with or without osteogenic additives on TP and OCP. The deposition of collagen and ALP were detected in tissue synthesised by BMSCs cultured on OCP crystals assemblies. OCP crystal assemblies down-regulated basal bone ECM proteins, including Coll-Ia, ON and lumican, in the first week of culture, whilst up-regulation of the same genes was observed after 24 days of culture. The observed down-regulation of Cbfa1 on OCP substrates was consistent with the negative effect of OCP crystal assemblies on the genes encoding bone ECM proteins. The up-regulation of OC mRNA expression by OCP crystal assemblies could be related to the requirement for synthesis of more OC proteins to control the concentration of calcium ions in culture medium.

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Bone marrow; Calcium phosphate; mRNA; Osteoblast
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Influence of calcium phosphate crystal assemblies on the proliferation and osteogenic gene expression of rat bone marrow stromal cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 7, March 2007, Pages 1393–1403
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us