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Structure-activity analysis and biological studies of chensinin-1b analogues

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
112 10 2016 10 PDF Available
Title
Structure-activity analysis and biological studies of chensinin-1b analogues
Abstract

Chensinin-1b shows a potent and broad-spectrum bactericidal activity and no hemolytic activity and thus is a potential therapeutic agent against bacterial infection. The NMR structure of chensinin-1b consists of a partially α-helical region (residues 8–14) in a membrane-mimic environment that is distinct from other common antimicrobial peptides. However, further analysis of the structural features of chensinin-1b is required to better understand its bactericidal activity. In this study, a series of N- and C-terminally truncated or amino acid-substituted chensinin-1b analogues were synthesized. Next, the bactericidal activity and bacterial membrane effects of the analogues were investigated. The results indicated that the N-terminal residues play a more significant role than the C-terminal residues in the antimicrobial activity of chensinin-1b. The removal of five amino acids from the C-terminus of chensinin-1b did not affect its biological properties, but helix disruption significantly decreased bactericidal activity. The substitution of positively charged residues increased the helicity and antimicrobial activity of the peptide. We also identified a novel analogue [R4,R10]C1b(3–13) that exhibited similar bactericidal properties with its parent peptide chensinin-1b. Electrostatic interactions between the selected analogues and lipopolysaccharides or cells were detected using isothermal titration calorimetry or zeta potential. The thermodynamic parameters ΔH and ΔS for [R4,R10]C1b(3–13) were −20.48 kcal mol−1 and −0.0408 kcal mol−1 deg−1, respectively. Chensinin-1b yielded similar results of −26.36 kcal mol−1 and −0.0559 kcal mol−1 deg−1 for ΔH and ΔS, respectively. These results are consistence with their antimicrobial activities. Lastly, membrane depolarization studies showed that selected analogues exerted bactericidal activity by damaging the cytoplasmic membrane.Statement of SignificanceAntimicrobial peptide chensinin-1b is a candidate for the development of new drugs and a template for the design of synthetic analogues. It mainly exhibits a random coil conformation in membrane environment, and in this manuscript, we characterized the structure of chensinin-1b using NMR spectroscopy, its structure is different than the structures of magainin 2, which has an α-helical conformation and indolicidin, which has a random coil structure. The structural features of chensinin-1b that are required for its potent bactericidal activity were also elucidated. Based on these data, we can fully understand the structure-activity relationship of such peptide and identified a novel analogue with properties that make it an attractive topic for future therapeutic research.

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Keywords
Chensinin-1b; Structure-activity relationship; Depolarization; Bacterial membrane; Lipopolysaccharide
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Structure-activity analysis and biological studies of chensinin-1b analogues
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 37, June 2016, Pages 59–68
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us