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The effect of water uptake on the behaviour of hydrophilic cements in confined environments

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11211 725 2006 7 PDF Available
Title
The effect of water uptake on the behaviour of hydrophilic cements in confined environments
Abstract

Physiological fluids will be in contact with the implant components from the first moments after a surgery. Therefore, the study of the effect of water on the properties of the bone cements that are part of the arthroplasty procedure is of critical importance to predict the long-term performance of the whole system. In our research group, we have developed a novel concept, the hydrophilic, partially degradable and bioactive cements which uptake considerably more water than standard bone cements. In this paper, we aimed to study the effect of water uptake (WU) by these cements on their behaviour. The tests were carried out in confined cavities, which represent more accurately the in vivo situation the cement will face (constrained by the bone and prosthesis surfaces). We observed that the equilibrium WU decreased up to 60% (as compared to non-confined situations), depending of the formulation. This decrease resulted in a latent tendency of the cements to swell, and the hindering of such swelling generated a swelling pressure against the constraining walls. The pressure, and consequent press-fitting effect, could be controlled by a number of mechanisms, and resulted in higher stability of the hydrophilic cements, expressed as an increase in the push-out force, required to extract the specimens from such constrained cavities. This effect was only observed in hydrophilic cements, not in commercial, hydrophobic ones used as controls. We conclude that such cements will provide an additional and very useful source of immediate adhesion in the short-term after surgery: water induced press fitting.

Keywords
Press-fitting; Swelling; Acrylic cements; Starch; Interfaces
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The effect of water uptake on the behaviour of hydrophilic cements in confined environments
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 33, November 2006, Pages 5627–5633
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us