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The structure and functionality of contractile forisome protein aggregates

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11353 734 2008 10 PDF Available
Title
The structure and functionality of contractile forisome protein aggregates
Abstract

Although they have been discovered decades ago, only in the last years forisome protein aggregates received broader attention due to their ability to convert chemical into mechanical energy. In contrast to most other motor proteins, these proteins from Fabaceae plants are independent of high-energy chemical compounds, like e.g. ATP, but undergo an anisotropic shape transition (longitudinally expanded to contracted) in response to ion concentration changes (Ca2+, H+, etc.), instead. We present morphological and functional data on forisomes obtained using atomic force microscopy (AFM). High-aspect ratio AFM tips allow the detailed elucidation of structural characteristics that are inaccessible with standard AFM tips. Microindentation measurements were employed to calculate the elasticity of the forisome material. Young's moduli were found to be ∼32.7 kPa in the expanded state and ∼2.748 kPa in the contracted state of the polymer. These results are compared to investigations where a tipless AFM cantilever was utilized to exert a load against the shape transition. In the latter experiments, an energy conversion of ∼2.29 pJ per stroke was detected. Energetical considerations support the hypothesis that the switching process is accompanied by a change in cross-linking of the constituent subunits and allow estimating the extent of cooperativity during the pH-induced transition. Finally, useful parameters were identified and characterized that are crucial for the application of forisomes as functional elements in microfluidic chips.

Keywords
Mechanoproteins; AFM; Forisomes; Energy conversion; Calcium-dependent proteins
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 29, Issue 2, January 2008, Pages 247–256
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
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Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
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