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Repair of osteochondral defects with biphasic cartilage-calcium polyphosphate constructs in a Sheep model

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11382 736 2006 12 PDF Available
Title
Repair of osteochondral defects with biphasic cartilage-calcium polyphosphate constructs in a Sheep model
Abstract

There has been interest in developing novel biological treatments to repair focal cartilage defects. We have developed a method of forming biphasic constructs (“osteochondral”-type plug) in vitro consisting of cartilaginous tissue, formed on and anchored to the intended articulation surface of a porous ceramic substrate. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the biochemical and biomechanical properties and morphology of in vitro-formed biphasic constructs 3 and 9 months after implantation into 4 mm diameter full thickness osteochondral defects in the trochlear groove of sheep stifles. The implants withstood loading in vivo up to 9 months with evidence of fusion to adjacent native cartilage and fixation by bone ingrowth into the ceramic substrate. The cartilage layer was eroded from those implants that were proud to the joint surface. Control implants (ceramic only) had fibrous tissue on the articulating surface after implantation for 3–4 months. Neither the cellularity nor proteoglycan content of the implanted cartilage, when it remained, changed significantly between 3 and 9 months and the collagen content increased slightly. The elastic equilibrium modulus of the cartilage improved with time with the greatest improvement (10-fold) occurring early during the first 3–4 months after implantation. This study suggests that biphasic constructs may be suitable to repair joint defects as the implants were maintained up to 9 months in sheep. Importantly the mechanical properties of the implanted cartilage improved significantly after implantation suggesting that cartilage can mature in vivo after implantation. The results indicate that further study of this treatment approach is warranted to attempt to overcome the technical surgical difficulties identified in this study.

Keywords
Articular cartilage; Transplantation; Tisssue engineering
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Repair of osteochondral defects with biphasic cartilage-calcium polyphosphate constructs in a Sheep model
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 22, August 2006, Pages 4120–4131
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us