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A PEGylated fibrin-based wound dressing with antimicrobial and angiogenic activity

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
1143 77 2011 10 PDF Available
Title
A PEGylated fibrin-based wound dressing with antimicrobial and angiogenic activity
Abstract

Wounds sustained under battlefield conditions are considered to be contaminated and their initial treatment should focus on decreasing this contamination and thus reducing the possibility of infection. The early and aggressive administration of antimicrobial treatment starting with intervention on the battlefield has resulted in improved patient outcomes and is considered the standard of care. Chitosan microspheres (CSM) loaded with silver sulfadiazine (SSD) were developed via a novel water-in-oil emulsion technique to address this problem. The SSD-loaded spheres were porous with needle-like structures (attributed to SSD) that were evenly distributed over the spheres. The average particle size of the SSD–CSM was 125–180 μm with 76.50 ± 2.8% drug entrapment. As a potential new wound dressing with angiogenic activity SSD–CSM particles were impregnated in polyethylene glycol (PEGylated) fibrin gels. In vitro drug release studies showed that a burst release of 27.02% in 6 h was achieved, with controlled release for 72 h, with an equilibrium concentration of 27.7% (70 μg). SSD–CSM–PEGylated fibrin gels were able to exhibit microbicidal activity at 125 and 100 μg ml−1 against Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. The in vitro vasculogenic activity of this composite dressing was shown by seeding adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) in SSD–CSM–PEGylated fibrin gels. The ASC spontaneously formed microvascular tube-like structures without the addition of any exogenous factors. This provides a method for the extended release of an antimicrobial drug in a matrix that may provide an excellent cellular environment for revascularization of infected wounds.

Keywords
Silver sulfadiazine; Chitosan; PEGylated fibrin gel; Angiogenesis; Adipose-derived stem cells
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A PEGylated fibrin-based wound dressing with antimicrobial and angiogenic activity
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Acta Biomaterialia - Volume 7, Issue 7, July 2011, Pages 2787–2796
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us