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Dense fibrillar collagen matrices: A model to study myofibroblast behaviour during wound healing

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11433 740 2006 10 PDF Available
Title
Dense fibrillar collagen matrices: A model to study myofibroblast behaviour during wound healing
Abstract

Fibroblastic cells play an important part in wound healing. Human dermal fibroblasts seeded onto three-dimensional fibrillar collagen matrices migrate into the collagen network and differentiate into myofibroblasts. In order to evaluate the use of collagen matrices as model systems for studying myofibroblast phenotype during wound healing, myofibroblast behaviour migrating into dense or loose matrices was compared. The effect of collagen concentration on cell morphology, remodelling, proliferation and apoptosis of human myofibroblasts was evaluated. Myofibroblasts within dense collagen matrices (40 mg/ml) were spindle shaped, similar to cells observed during tissue repair. In contrast, cells within loose matrices (5 mg/ml) were more rounded. Matrix hydrolysis activities (MT1-MMP and MMP2) did not differ between the two collagen concentrations. The myofibroblast proliferation rate was measured after 24 h bromodeoxyuridine incorporation (BrdU). Cells in dense collagen matrices proliferated at a higher rate than cells in loose matrices at each culture time point tested. For example, 40% of cells in dense matrices were replicating compared to 10% of cells in loose matrices after 28 days in culture. Apoptotic cells were only detected in dense matrices from day 21 onwards when cells had already migrated into the collagen network. Taken together, these results show that a high collagen concentration has a stimulatory effect on myofibroblast proliferation and apoptosis, two important events in wound healing. Thus, dense matrices can be used to create controlled conditions to study myofibroblast phenotype.

Keywords
Myofibroblast; Collagen matrices; Migration; Metalloproteinases; Proliferation; Apoptosis
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Dense fibrillar collagen matrices: A model to study myofibroblast behaviour during wound healing
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 25, September 2006, Pages 4443–4452
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us