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Physicochemically modified silicon as a substrate for protein microarrays

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11524 746 2007 9 PDF Available
Title
Physicochemically modified silicon as a substrate for protein microarrays
Abstract

Reverse phase protein microarrays (RPMA) enable high throughput screening of posttranslational modifications of important signaling proteins within diseased cells. One limitation of protein-based molecular profiling is the lack of a PCR-like intrinsic amplification system for proteins. Enhancement of protein microarray sensitivities is an important goal, especially because many molecular targets within patient tissues are of low abundance. The ideal array substrate will have a high protein-binding affinity and low intrinsic signal. To date, nitrocellulose-coated glass has provided an effective substrate for protein binding in the microarray format when using chromogenic detection systems. As fluorescent systems, such as quantum dots, are explored as potential reporter agents, the intrinsic fluorescent properties of nitrocellulose-coated glass slides limit the ability to image microarrays for extended periods of time where increases in net sensitivity can be attained. Silicon, with low intrinsic autofluorescence, is being explored as a potential microarray surface. Native silicon has low binding potential. Through titrated reactive ion etching (RIE), varying surface areas have been created on silicon in order to enhance protein binding. Further, via chemical modification, reactive groups have been added to the surfaces for comparison of relative protein binding. Using this combinatorial method of surface roughening and surface coating, 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and mercaptopropyltrimethoxysilane (MPTMS) treatments were shown to transform native silicon into a protein-binding substrate comparable to nitrocellulose.

Keywords
Protein adsorption; Silicon; Surface modification; Surface treatment
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 3, January 2007, Pages 550–558
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us