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A multicellular spheroid array to realize spheroid formation, culture, and viability assay on a chip

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11525 746 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
A multicellular spheroid array to realize spheroid formation, culture, and viability assay on a chip
Abstract

We describe a novel multicellular spheroid culture system that facilitates the easy preparation and culture of a spheroid microarray for the long-term monitoring of cellular activity. A spheroid culture device with an array of pyramid-like microholes was constructed in a silicon chip that was equipped with elastomeric microchannels. A cell suspension was introduced via the microfluidic channel into the microstructure that comprised silicon microholes and elastomeric microwells. A single spheroid can be formed and localized precisely within each microstructure. Since the culture medium could be replaced via the microchannels, a long-term culture (of ∼2 weeks) is available on the chip. Measurement of albumin production in the hepatoma cell line (HepG2) showed that the liver-specific functions were maintained for 2 weeks. Based on the cellular respiratory activity, the cellular viability of the spheroid array on the chip was evaluated using scanning electrochemical microscopy. Responses to four different chemical stimulations were simultaneously detected on the same chip, thus demonstrating that each channel could be evaluated independently under various stimulation conditions. Our spheroid culture system facilitated the understanding of spheroid formation, culture, and viability assay on a single chip, thus functioning as a useful drug-screening device for cancer and liver cells.

Keywords
Biosensor; Microfluidic device; Spheroids; Cytotoxicity; Electrochemistry; Polydimethylsiloxane
First Page Preview
A multicellular spheroid array to realize spheroid formation, culture, and viability assay on a chip
Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 3, January 2007, Pages 559–566
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering