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Enhanced cell survival of melanocyte spheroids in serum starvation condition

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11556 747 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
Enhanced cell survival of melanocyte spheroids in serum starvation condition
Abstract

Autologous melanocyte transplantation for vitiligo treatment by use of melanocyte suspension has drawbacks including cell damage in cell preparation and transportation, difficult manipulation and low engraftment rate in acral vitiligious lesions. We have proposed the concept of cellular patch as an alternative solution. In the development of melanocyte patches, we have shown that chitosan membrane supports the growth and phenotype expression of melanocytes. Surprisingly, melanocytes spontaneously grow into three-dimensional spheroids on chitosan-coated surface. In this work, we demonstrate that, compared with monolayered melanocytes, melanocyte spheroids show a better survival in growth factor and serum-deprived condition. Survival of melanocytes is further ameliorated when a greater portion of melanocytes is precultured into spheroidal morphology. Melanocyte spheroids disintegrate and the cells return to a physiological dendritic morphology after they are reinoculated on collagen I-coated surface. Our results show that melanocytes are morphologically transformable depending on the substratum used and spheroidal melanocytes have a superior survival to that of monolayered dendritic melanocytes in stringent conditions. Preculturing melanocytes into spheroids can provide melanocytes a survival advantage. Chitosan-based melanocyte patch can be a promising method to enhance the engraftment rate and facilitate the cell preparation and transplantation procedures in melanocyte transplantation for vitiligo treatment.

Keywords
Melanocytes; Spheroids; Chitosan; Vitiligo; Cellular patch; Cell survival
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Enhanced cell survival of melanocyte spheroids in serum starvation condition
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 8, March 2006, Pages 1462–1469
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us