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An elastic material for cartilage replacement in an arthritic shoulder joint

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11564 747 2006 8 PDF Available
Title
An elastic material for cartilage replacement in an arthritic shoulder joint
Abstract

Inevitable complications after total shoulder replacements, mainly due to wear and loosening of glenoid components, have stimulated research on a new glenoid implant design. The aim of this study is to analyse a new design concept of the glenoid component with the articular surface made of artificial cartilage—specifically a poly(vinyl-alcohol)cryogel (PVA-c). Based on the performed experiments and hyperelasticity law the material model of the PVA-c is defined. Mechanical effects of using a cryogel layer with different geometries in glenoid components are analysed using a finite element method. The analysis allows for identification of design solutions with reduced, lower than failure, strains and stresses in the cryogel. The layer shape similar to the glenoid cartilage shows the most favourable mechanical effects. This indicates a high potential of using this soft material for the articular surface. Replacing the polyethylene with a cryogel layer results in a significant reduction in contact stresses together with the growth in contact area. This can promote fluid film lubrication and lower the wear, thus lower implant failure. Moreover, soft cryogel, having shock absorbing properties, may result in lower stresses at the implant-bone, thus lowering the risk of implant loosening.This study indicates a high importance of an elastic implant for restoring full function of the articular surface in a glenoid component.

Keywords
PVA cryogel; Artificial cartilage; Glenoid component
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An elastic material for cartilage replacement in an arthritic shoulder joint
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 8, March 2006, Pages 1534–1541
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us