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Uronic acids functionalized polyethyleneimine (PEI)–polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-graft-copolymers as novel synthetic gene carriers

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11624 749 2006 11 PDF Available
Title
Uronic acids functionalized polyethyleneimine (PEI)–polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-graft-copolymers as novel synthetic gene carriers
Abstract

In this study, we investigated galacturonic (GalAc)- and mannuronic (ManAc) acids as novel targeting ligands for receptor-mediated gene delivery. GalAc and ManAc were coupled to either polyethyleneimine (PEI) or PEI–polyethyleneglycol (PEG). Furthermore, lactobionic acid (LacAc), which comprises a GalAc-related carbohydrate ring, was coupled to each of the polymers through its open-chain gluconic acid moiety. The molar mass distributions of the polymers were characterized by analytical ultracentrifugation and size exclusion chromatography. PEI-conjugate–pDNA complexes were transfected into HepG2-, HeLa-, and 16HBE14o−-cells. Gene expression mediated by GalAc- and LacAc-functionalized PEI-conjugates was lower than for PEI. In contrast, gene expression mediated by ManAc-functionalized PEI-conjugates was up to three orders of magnitude higher than for the other tested PEI-conjugates, in particular for negatively charged gene vectors at low N/P ratios, independent of the cell line. Pre-incubation of cells with an excess of ManAc before transfection significantly inhibited transfection rates only for ManAc-functionalized PEI-conjugates. Coupling of methyl-α-d-mannuronic acid to PEI resulted in significantly lower transfection rates than for ManAc-PEI based complexes. Together with fluorescence microscopy images of fluorescein-labelled ManAc-functionalized dextrans and FACS analyses of cells, these results demonstrate that receptor-mediated endocytosis of ManAc–PEI-conjugate–pDNA complexes via ManAc-specific receptors was involved in gene transfer. In conclusion, ManAc-modification of PEI-polymers represents a novel strategy for receptor-mediated gene delivery which could be promising for in vivo application.

Keywords
Gene therapy; Gene transfer; Polyethylene oxide; Nanoparticle
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Uronic acids functionalized polyethyleneimine (PEI)–polyethyleneglycol (PEG)-graft-copolymers as novel synthetic gene carriers
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 10, April 2006, Pages 2302–2312
Authors
, , , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us