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Absolute quantification of gene expression in biomaterials research using real-time PCR

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11637 750 2007 8 PDF Available
Title
Absolute quantification of gene expression in biomaterials research using real-time PCR
Abstract

One major measurement of tissue-engineered constructs efficacy and performance is determining expression levels of genes of interest at the molecular level. This measurement is commonly carried out with reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).In this study, we described a novel method in achieving absolute quantification of gene expression using real-time PCR (aqPCR). This novel method did not require molecular cloning steps to prepare the standards for quantification comparison. Standards were linear double-stranded DNA molecules instead of the typical gene-in-plasmid format. aqPCR could also be used to give relative quantification comparisons between samples simply by dividing the copy numbers readings of the gene of interest with that of the normalization gene.RNA was extracted from monolayer and from polycaprolactone scaffold cultures and assayed for β-actin and osteocalcin genes. We compared our aqPCR method with end-point PCR since end-point PCR is still a common means of measuring gene expression in the biomaterials field. This study showed that aqPCR was a better method to quantify gene expression than end-point PCR. With our described linear DNA standards method, we were able to obtain not only relative quantification of osteocalcin and β-actin expression level but also actual copy numbers of osteocalcin and β-actin for the monolayer culture and to be 1.34×104 and 1.45×107 copies, respectively and for the scaffold cultures to be 772 and 2.83×105 copies, respectively per starting total RNA mass of 10 ng. The standards curves made from these linear DNA standards showed good linearity (R2=0.9964R2=0.9964 and 0.9902 for osteocalcin and β-actin standards graphs), ranged from 10 to 109 copies and of comparable accuracy to current absolute quantification real-time PCR methods (which used plasmid standards obtained through molecular cloning methods). Our method might be a viable and more user-friendly alternative to current absolute quantification real-time PCR protocols.

Keywords
Real-time PCR; Absolute quantification of gene expression; Osteocalcin; Adipose-derived cells
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 28, Issue 2, January 2007, Pages 203–210
Authors
, , , , , , , ,
Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us