Correlating subjective and objective descriptors of ultra high molecular weight wear particles from total joint prostheses
A total of 750 images of individual ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) particles isolated from periprosthetic failed hip, knee, and shoulder arthroplasties were extracted from archival scanning electron micrographs. Particle size and morphology was subsequently analyzed using computerized image analysis software utilizing five descriptors found in ASTM F1877-98, a standard for quantitative description of wear debris. An online survey application was developed to display particle images, and allowed ten respondents to classify particle morphologies according to commonly used terminology as fibers, flakes, or granules. Particles were categorized based on a simple majority of responses. All descriptors were evaluated using a one-way ANOVA and Tukey–Kramer test for all-pairs comparison among each class of particles. A logistic regression model using half of the particles included in the survey was then used to develop a mathematical scheme to predict whether a given particle should be classified as a fiber, flake, or granule based on its quantitative measurements. The validity of the model was then assessed using the other half of the survey particles and compared with human responses. Comparison of the quantitative measurements of isolated particles showed that the morphologies of each particle type classified by respondents were statistically different from one another (p<0.05p<0.05). The average agreement between mathematical prediction and human respondents was 83.5% (standard error 0.16%). These data suggest that computerized descriptors can be feasibly correlated with subjective terminology, thus providing a basis for a common vocabulary for particle description which can be translated into quantitative dimensions.
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 5, February 2006, Pages 752–757