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A comparison of mineral affinity of bisphosphonate–protein conjugates constructed with disulfide and thioether linkages

Paper ID Volume ID Publish Year Pages File Format Full-Text
11677 752 2006 16 PDF Available
Title
A comparison of mineral affinity of bisphosphonate–protein conjugates constructed with disulfide and thioether linkages
Abstract

Chemical conjugation of bisphosphonates (BPs) to therapeutic proteins is an effective means to impart mineral affinity to proteins. Such conjugates can be implanted with mineral-based matrices to control the local delivery kinetics of the proteins. BPs linked to proteins with reversible (i.e., cleavable) linkages are desirable over conjugates with stable linkages to release the protein in free form. This study conducted a direct comparison of mineral affinity of BP–protein conjugates linked together with cleavable disulfide and non-cleavable thioether linkages. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was used as a model protein and the desired conjugates were created with N-succinimidyl-3-(2-pyridyldithio)propionate (disulfide) and succinimidyl-4-(N-maleimido-methyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylate (thioether) linkers. The disulfide-linked conjugates were cleaved in the presence of a major thiol constituent of serum, cysteine. The imparted mineral affinity, as assessed by hydroxyapatite binding in vitro, was lost upon the cleavage of the disulfide-linked aminoBP. The presence of the serum did not accelerate the cleavage of disulfide-linked conjugates. The aminoBP–BSA conjugates formed with disulfide and thioether linkages were subcutaneously implanted in rats with two different mineral-based matrices to assess protein loss from the matrices. All conjugates exhibited a higher retention in mineral matrices as compared to unmodified BSA. However, no significant differences in in situ pharmacokinetics of the disulfide- and thioether-linked conjugates were observed. We conclude that disulfide-linked BP conjugates were readily cleavable by the amino acid cysteine in vitro, but in vivo cleavage of the disulfide-linked conjugates was not evident when the proteins were implanted adsorbed to mineral-based matrices. BP–protein conjugates with faster-cleaving tethers might be required to significantly influence the release of the BP conjugates from the mineral matrices.

Keywords
Bone tissue engineering; Drug delivery; Hydroxyapatite; Protein adsorption; Coupling agent
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A comparison of mineral affinity of bisphosphonate–protein conjugates constructed with disulfide and thioether linkages
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Publisher
Database: Elsevier - ScienceDirect
Journal: Biomaterials - Volume 27, Issue 5, February 2006, Pages 769–784
Authors
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Subjects
Physical Sciences and Engineering Chemical Engineering Bioengineering
Get Full-Text Now
Don't Miss Today's Special Offer
Price was $35.95
You save - $31
Price after discount Only $4.95
100% Money Back Guarantee
Full-text PDF Download
Online Support
Any Questions? feel free to contact us